Tuesday, January 03, 2006

Now i am going to describe about Sundarban ­ The Largest Mangrove Forest of the World and Its Resources below...................
Sundarban ­ the largest mangrove forest of the world ­ is situated in the whole southern frontier of Bangladesh, guarded by the Bay of Bengal. It covers an area over 0.57 million ha. in the districts of Khulna, Patuakhali, Bagerhat and southern part of Satkhira. Out of 0.57 million ha. about 0.17 million ha. is occupied by rivers, channels and others by water bodies. Three major zones have been recognized on the basis of salinity, a fresh water zone, a moderately saline zone and a high saline zone. This forest is an independent "Biom", enriched with different biodiversities along with a great variety of wild life. It is the unique natural habitat of the world famous Royal Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris), spectacular spotted deer (Axix axix), jungle fowl (Gallus sp.) and rhesus monkey (Macaca mulata). Over 270 species of birds have been recorded in the Sundarban including 95 species of water fowl. Common residents include Phalacrocorax niger, Anhinga melanogaster, Ardeola grayii, Bubulcus ibis, Butorides straiatus, Egretta gargetta, E. intermedia, E. alba, Esacus recurvirostris, Vanellus indicus, Gelochelidon nilotica and Sterna acuticauda. The area is also ecologically important as a staging and wintering area for migratory shore birds, gulls and terns. The water bodies of Sundarban support a very rich and diverse fish fauna of which 120 species are of commercial importance. The most important species are Eleutheronema tetradactylum, Polynemus paradiseus, Liza tada, Mystus gulio, Hilsa ilisha, Ilisha megaloptera, Coilia ranncarati, Lata calcarifer, Septipinna phasa, Thrysa purava, Harpodon nehereus etc. A number of commercially important plants like, Heritiera fomem, Sonneratia apetala, Excoecaria agallocha, Typha elephantina, Nypa fruticans are commonly grown in this forest. This forest has been an important source of timber, fuelwood, pulpwood and many minor forest products like, thatching materials, honey, wax and fish. It also provides employment for some 300,000 woodcutters, fishermen and others who collect
Goolpata (Nypa fruticans) and wild honey. Eco-tourism in this beautiful virgin natural forest has become very interesting nowadays. ..........


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